[[BrmDoor]]
 

BrmDoor

For hackerspace more secure and without the annoyance of physical keys. DIY digital lock control, open/closed space status monitor and burglar alarm.

System architecture: Raspberry Pi + Adafruit PN532 shield. Supports ISO14443 cards (Mifare Classic, Desfire, Yubikey, you could even use Visa/Mastercard NFC payment cards; Android NFC Host Card Emulation could be used as well with some changes). Authentication: via UID, challenge-response with Yubikey Neo, signed public-key cryptography (Ed25519) messages with Desfire cards.

Unlocking the Door

Executive summary, how to get in without a key - arrange registering your RFID card (ISO-14443A, e.g. Mifare Classic, Mifare Desfire) with council at meetup (or over mail rada _at_ brmlab.cz). After adding your card to brmdoor DB, you will be able to unlock door by placing the card next to the reader.

BrmDoor Hardware

  • MCU/controller: Raspberry PI (all versions supported - 1, 2, 3)
  • OS: Raspbian or Ubuntu (other may work as well, if you can get required packages for build and install)
  • Lock device:
    • [DONE] BERA-E electromagnetic clock, sponsored by b00lean!
      • From inside, it is possible to open the door anytime by just pushing the handle.
      • From outside, it is possible to open the door by turning the lock by the key, OR by pushing the handle if voltage is applied.
      • Lock specs say 12-24V should be used, but from experience 12 V is not enough. Use 24 V.

Communication is over SPI: both SEL0 and SEL1 are shorted which turns communication to be over SPI.

Documentation of Adafruit PN532 shield (our revision is 1.2):

BrmDoor Firmware

List of authorized cards

Card list is on brmlab VPS (vps.brmlab.cz) are exported from JendaSAP, on /root/sap/cards.txt.

Adding a new card to JendaSAP and import to brmdoor

Put the card next to reader, then look into log (on brmdoor raspi in /root/brmdoor_libnfc/brmdoor.log) for Unknown UID line.

Login to vps.brmlab.cz. In /root/sap/members, find member's file and add line with the card UID (4, 7 or 10 byte UID), e.g.

card 0102ab89

On vps.brmlab.cz in /root/sap directory, run parse.py script. This will create cards.txt. Copy the cards.txt to brmdoor and run:

cd brmdoor_libnfc/; ./import_jendasap_cards.py /path/to/cards.txt brmdoor.sqlite

No need to restart brmdoor daemon. Note that the import can take even a minute, since the brmdoor Raspberry 1 is fucking slow.

GitHub, last commits

Photos of cable connections of Raspi + PN532 shield (location Ke kaplicce 18)

Brmdoor HOWTO (displayed after you login as root, in /etc/motd)

Current brmdoor directory is `/root/brmdoor_libnfc`
Config is in the file: `/root/brmdoor_libnfc/brmdoor_nfc.config`

Full README is at https://github.com/hiviah/brmdoor_libnfc/blob/master/README.md

Preferred way to add a card is to add it to JendaSAP, then import (see below).

## Import cards.txt from JendaSAP's cards.txt (WARNING: THIS WILL OVERWRITE THE TABLE WITH UIDs)

    cd brmdoor_libnfc/
    ./import_jendasap_cards.py cards.txt brmdoor.sqlite

If `brmdoor.sqlite` does not exist, it will be created. If it exists, the `authorized_uids`
table will be replaced with UIDs/nick pairs from `cards.txt` (other tables are not touched).

## Adding card by UID

Note: this is useful for adding card temporarily, since import from JendaSAP will remove it

- find out the UID:
  1. put the card near the reader,
  2. as root, look into the log, currently /root/brmdoor_libnfc/brmdoor.log
- look into log for the unknown UID, look for `Unknown UID` message
- the following command will add card as authenticated by UID, for other methods see full README

    cd brmdoor_libnfc/
    ./brmdoor_adduser.py -c brmdoor_nfc.config -a uid 1234ABCD SomeUserName

## List authorized cards UIDs + nicks from DB

    sqlite3 ~/brmdoor_libnfc/brmdoor.sqlite 'select nick, uid_hex from authorized_uids;'

## Start/stop daemon

systemctl start brmdoor.service
systemctl stop brmdoor.service
Systemd unit location: `/etc/systemd/system/brmdoor.service`

Features

Source: brmdoor_libnfc

Requires libnfc, libfreefare and WiringPi2

Features:

  • Clean, documented and extensible code
  • Authentication data is stored in SQLite DB - no need to restart daemon to make any change; extensible DB schemas
  • NFC smartcard communication support (ISO 14443-4)
  • Multiple authentication schemes supported
  • Dedicated configuration file and logging facilities

Missing features:

  • No sound produced (can be fixed via WiringPi)
  • Setting topic is not finished (python-irc has fairly bad API to retrieve topic)
 
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